SCN5A Variant A505G Detail

We estimate the penetrance of LQTS for SCN5A A505G around 10% and the Brugada syndrome penetrance around 8%. SCN5A A505G was found in a total of 0 carriers in 0 papers and/or in gnomAD: 0 had Brugada syndrome, 0 had LQTS. A505G is not present in gnomAD. A505G has been functionally characterized in 0 papers. This residue is located in a Non_Hotspot region for Brugada syndrome and a Mild_Hotspot region for LQTS. In silico predictions, functional data (if available), and location in structure are equivalent to phenotyping 10 individuals for Brugada syndrome (0 diagnosed with Brugada syndrome) and 5 individuals for LQTS (0 with LQTS). These data combined with observations of carriers lead us to estimate the LQTS penetrance for SCN5A A505G around 10% (0/10) and the Brugada syndrome penetrance around 8% (0/10).

In Silico Data

PROVEAN PolyPhen-2 BLAST-PSSM REVEL Penetrance Density BrS (%) Penetrance Density LQT3 (%)
NA NA NA 0.501 3 11
PROVEAN scores less than -2 are considered deleterious. REVEL scores higher than 0.5 or 0.75 are considered likely pathogenic (higher sensitivity with the former cutoff, higher specificity with the latter cutoff). A PolyPhen-2 score of 0.85 or greater is considered likely pathogenic. BLAST-PSSM reflects the evolutionary conservation of residue substitutions, more negative numbers indicate fewer observations of the specific substitution than is expected. Penetrance Density is our previously published method to calculate the average BrS/LQTS probability density in a shell of residues surrounding a residue of interest (Kroncke et al. 2019).

Reported Carrier Data

PubMed ID Year Carriers Unaffected LQT3 BrS1 Other Other Disease
LITERATURE, COHORT, AND GNOMAD: - 0 0 0 0 -
VARIANT FEATURES ALONE: - 15 15 0 0 - -
Summary totals might not agree with the literature table because of duplicate patients, which were excluded from the total counts. We do not distinguish here between multiple missense codons. Missense variants are combined across degenerate codon substitutions since codon-level data were not consistently available for curation.

A505G has 31 previously observed neighbors within 15 angstroms

A residue within a folded protein on average has nearest neighbors that fall roughly into two shells: a "nearest" neighbor around 5-6 angstroms and a second shell around 11 angstroms. All variants shown in the rightmost column have been observed in at least one individual in the literature or gnomAD.

Neighbor Distance (Angstroms) Variants Observed in Individuals
490 15 G490E, G490A,
491 14 E491G,
492 14
493 13 R493K,
494 13
495 12
496 11 K496M, K496N,
497 11 S497C,
498 10
499 9
500 8 E500K,
501 8 D501G,
502 7
503 5 P503S,
504 4 R504T,
505 0 A505E,
506 4 M506K,
507 5 p.N507_L515dup,
508 7
509 8
510 8
511 9
512 10 T512I,
513 11 R513H, R513C, R513P, c.1537delC,
514 11 G514C,
515 12
516 13
517 13 R517S,
518 14
519 14 S519F,
520 15 M520V, M520R,